All India Radio,
Bhawanipatna extends services to a couple of district of Orissa, Kalahandi & Nuapada, in its service zone. Nuapada was a subdivision of erstwhile
Kalahandi has got its glorious past and a rich
cultural background. As per Lt. Elliot, Deputy Commissioner, Raipur,
this area was known as "Kharonde" (Karond) in Nagpur region.
Since the year 1905, the name Kalahandi has been very commonly used.
It was a part of Bengal presidency then.
In the past,
Kalahandi was ruled by the Somavansis and Gangas. In 1005 AD Nagavansis
ruled over the state. The present Junagarh was the capital of the
Kalahandi kingdom up to 1849 AD. In 1853, Kalahandi came under British
rule and in 1882, the great kondh rebellion originated from the Ashurgarh,
in Narla region, Kalahandi district was formed after independence
on the 1st November 1949.
Erstwhile Kalahandi district (Kalahandi
and Nuapada) is located in the Southwestern part of Orissa. The total
area is confined within 82 20' E to 83 47' E longitudes and 19 3'
N to 21 5' N latitudes. The total area is around 11,835 square Km. In the North it is bounded by Bolangir and Bargarh of Orissa and Raipur
of Chhatisgarh, in the South, Nabarangpur, Koraput and Rayagada, in
the East, Phulbani and Raigada and in the West it is bounded by Nabarangpur
and Raipur district of Chhatisgarh. These two districts are having
both plain land and hilly terrain. Mainly the hilly terrains are found
in the Western part of Nuapada district and Southwestern part of Bhawanipatna
Subdivision of Kalahandi. The hilly regions are mostly covered with
dense forest. Kodinga Mali is the highest peak of mountain, with the
height about 4182 ft. at Karlapal region of Thuamul Rampur block.
Thuamul Rampur is called as the Kashmir of Orissa.
here speak in Oriya whereas other regional languages of India are
also prevalent. But, the typical Kalahandi dialect is the lingua franca
among the people of all tribes and castes. People of some parts of
Nuapada also speak Chhatisgarhi.
the district headquarter of Kalahandi is situated in 20 North latitude
and 83. 10. 40" East longitude on 220 meter MSL. It is about
425 km South West of Bhubaneswar, the state capital. The nearest Airport
is around 300 km at Raipur, Chhatisgarh. The nearest railway station
is at 35 km away in Kesinga. Educational institutions like, Govt,
college Bhawanipatna, Govt. Women's College, Law College, B.Ed. College,
ITI and dozens of schools are there in this place. A stadium and a
Gymnasium are there in Bhawanipatna. Agricultural research organizations
like Regional Research and Technology Transfer system, OUAT, Krushi
Bigyan Kendra, promoting agricultural activities. A high power (10
KW) TV transmitter with programme generation facility is functioning
This station started commencing from the 30 December 1993, mainly
relaying the capital station, AIR, Cuttack. Gradually, new productions
of this station found place in the transmission. Presently this station
is originating its own programmes in all its three transmissions excepting
news and important programmes being broadcast in slate hookup. Prior
to the commencement of this station, this area was under the service
zone of AIR, Jeypore, which is 162 km towards south.
DEMOGRAPHIC DETAILS OF THE POPULATION
(AS PER 2001 CENSUS)